Ukraine

Map of Ukraine

Geographical position

East Europe.
Between Russia in the East and European Union, Moldova in the West.
It borders to the North with Belarus and to the South with the Black sea.

Dimensions

603,700 km²
The largest European country after Russia.

Population

45.994.287 (July 2008 est.)

Capital City

Kyiv Київ (Kiev Киев, Russian)

Languages

Official language: Ukrainian
Russian is very popular in the East and in Crimea.

Religion

Mainly Orthodox.

Government type

Semi-presidential Republic

Administrative divisions

24 Regions (Oblasts),
2 cities with special status ( Kiyv Кїив, Sevastopol Севастополь)
1 Autonomous Republic (Crimea Крим)

Time zone

UTC+2.

Currency

Hryvnia Гривня, UAH
The Hryvnia is subdivided in 100 Kopiyok Копійок

Phone prefix and Internet domain

+380; .UA.

Climate

Temperate continental.
Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast.

Main rivers

Dnyapro Дняпро, 4th river in Europe, the most important in Ukraine.
Dnister Дністер in the West.
Pivdennyi Buh Південний Буг.
Sivers’kyi Donets Сіверський Донець in the East.
Danube Дунай.

Mountains

The Carpathians Карпати in the West.
The Crimean mountains Кримскі Гори in Crimea.
Highest point: Hoverla Говерла 2,061 m (Carpathians)

Geographical notes

Ukraine holds about the 30% of the World’s Black Earth Чорнозем.
Chornozem is a very fertile land which gave to Ukraine the title of European granary.
Ukraine is also very rich of mineral resources as carbon, iron, natural gas, mercury, precious metals, etc.

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